Earliest teeth, 3d printed rhino horns, Palantir, the first photograph, Chef Watson and flavor-changing neutrinos

The map provides a level of detail previously unavailable. It is the first ever to collect data published by all of Europe’s municipalities.

http://www.citylab.com/politics/2015/06/incredibly-detailed-map-europes-population-shifts/396497/


On November 16th 2014, Romania made a historic decision to elect its first ever president from an ethnic minority, Transylvania’s German Saxons.

http://neweasterneurope.eu/articles-and-commentary/1631-romania-is-leaving-its-communist-past-behind


A San Francisco biotech startup has managed to 3D print fake rhino horns that carry the same genetic fingerprint as the actual horn.

http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/environment/biotech-firm-creates-fake-rhino-horn-to-help-save-real-rhinos/article/436325


At the heart of Thatcher’s thinking was the view that economic freedom, and not big government, was essential to individual liberty and prosperity.

http://www.capx.co/forget-leading-from-behind-margaret-thatcher-led-from-the-front/


By managing data for government agencies and Wall Street banks, Palantir Technologies has grown into one of the most valuable venture-backed companies in Silicon Valley.

http://www.buzzfeed.com/williamalden/palantir-valued-at-20-billion-in-new-funding-round#.yvypqWD4B


The Passive Frame Theory also defies the intuitive belief that one conscious thought leads to another. “One thought doesn’t know about the other, they just often have access to and are acting upon the same, unconscious information,” Morsella said. “You have one thought and then another, and you think that one thought leads to the next, but this doesn’t seem to be the way the process actually works.”

http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-06-consciousness-believed-theory.html


A pair of researchers, one with the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands, the other with the University of Bristol in the U.K. has found what appears to be the earliest known example of a creature sporting teeth. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2015-06-million-year-fish-fossil-earliest.html#jCp


Martin Schulz is a rare case for someone in his position. No studies. Schulz never finished school. He doesn’t even have his Abitur, that German diploma that is as hard to obtain as the one marking the baccalaureate in France.

http://www.neurope.eu/article/martin-schulz-the-man-who-would-be-caliph/


The pope ignores the keen insight of former Czech President Vaclav Klaus who likened environmentalists to watermelons: they are green on the outside and red on the inside. After the collapse of the Soviet Union leftists the world over migrated to the environmentalist movement and began regurgitating the party line, which is that human activity, and in particular, capitalism, is killing the planet.

http://www.frontpagemag.com/2015/matthew-vadum/commie-pope/


If reality is actually composed of a vast, vast number of realities, and if ‘anything’ can, does, and must happen, and happen many, many, times, this presumably has to include the possibility of living things (whatever they’re composed of) skipping between universes willy-nilly. After all, just because physics in our universe makes that look kind of tricky, it doesn’t prevent the physics of a huge number of other universes from saying ‘sure, go right ahead!’ And there’s the rub. Discounting our all-to-human capacity for self-delusion, there is absolutely no hard evidence that we are being, or ever have been, visited by stuff from other realities. (And really, if you do feel inclined to comment and tell me I’m wrong about that, save your breath, sorry). So what’s the answer? Why isn’t this happening?

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/does-a-multiverse-fermi-paradox-disprove-the-multiverse/


In 1983, a painting by the Belgian surrealist René Magritte came up for auction in New York. The artwork was painted in 1948 and depicts a bird of prey morphing into a leaf which is being eaten by a caterpillar–perhaps an expression of sorrow for the Second World War, which Magritte spent in occupied Belgium. But experts soon noticed a problem. An almost exact copy of the painting already hung in a gallery in Europe, and the question immediately arose as to whether this one was a forgery. After extensive analysis, art experts agreed that both pictures were almost certainly painted by Magritte himself, perhaps as a joke—he was a surrealist, after all—or more likely because he had two collectors interested in the same painting and wanted both sales.

http://www.technologyreview.com/view/538801/how-machine-vision-solved-one-of-the-great-mysteries-of-20th-century-surrealist-art/


Photography has been a medium of limitless possibilities since it was originally invented in the early 1800s. The use of cameras has allowed us to capture historical moments and reshape the way we see ourselves and the world around us. To celebrate the amazing history of photography and photographic science, we have assembled twenty photographic ‘firsts’ from over the past two centuries.

http://petapixel.com/2015/05/23/20-first-photos-from-the-history-of-photography/


Today we are thrilled to launch Atlas, a new platform for discovering and sharing great charts.

http://qz.com/434425/atlas-the-new-home-for-charts-and-data/


The job-threatening rise of the machines is an economically illiterate meme that refuses to die. We’re actually probably in the early stages of it, a bull-market in neo-luddism, if you will. Bastiat’s “Candlemakers Petititon” answered this one long ago, but today I’ll run a little thought experiment that owes it all to good old Bastiat. Let’s say Weird Al Yankovic invents a machine capable of making everything with a single push of a button. The first thing he does is print up a bunch of machines and sell them for a ton. Weird Al is now a billionaire, and there are thousands of make-everything machines. This diffusion of Weird Al’s new technology replicates the market process, where new tech spreads in proportion to its usefulness. If you doubt this, because of patents, for example, check out Brazil’s experience with AIDS drugs, where they tore up the patents on humanitarian grounds. Weird Al’s machines will, at a minimum, be mass produced in Brazil. Or China. Or Mozambique. So, one way or another, we get a bunch of make-everything machines. What happens to the jobs? We’re getting everything for near-free now. So all the production jobs disappear. There are still lots of jobs, of course — child-care, gardeners, musicians. But all the production jobs have vanished — something like 20 percent of jobs, maybe up to 50 percent when you include knock-on replacement of people by capital (truck drivers, robot bartenders). Heck, let’s go crazy and say 90 percent of the jobs vanished. Nobody’s got a job outside of preschool or performing on a stage. It’s the end of the world, right?

https://mises.org/library/let%E2%80%99s-hope-machines-take-our-jobs-we-want-wealth-not-jobs


It was not until later that physicists realized that if the Higgs field does exist, its action would require the existence of a corresponding carrier particle, and the properties of this hypothetical particle were such that we might actually be able to observe it. This particle was believed to be in a class called the bosons; keeping things simple, they called the boson that went with the Higgs field the Higgs boson. It is a so-called “force carrier” for the Higgs field, just as photons are a force carrier for the universe’s electromagnetic field

http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/208652-what-is-the-higgs-boson


Watson is IBM’s cognitive computer (of Jeopardy fame), and for the last year it’s been gobbling up information about the art of cooking and harnessing its natural language-processing skills to unearth patterns and insights about how certain foods work together. The computer analyzed the content of more than 9,000 Bon Appetit recipes, gleaning information about cooking patterns and terminology from those concoctions. By combining this data with its robust knowledge of food chemistry and human taste preferences, Watson was able to come up with totally new recipes that use totally new combinations of ingredients.

http://www.wired.com/2015/06/hungry-let-supercomputer-chef-watson-tell-cook/


Neutrinos are often called “ghost particles,” and for good reason. Neutral in charge and tiny in mass, neutrinos are incredibly elusive and mostly pass unnoticed through ordinary matter, including you and me. In fact, neutrinos, one of physics’ fundamental particles, were once thought to be completely massless. A recent observation from researchers in Italy, however, adds to mounting evidence however that neutrinos do have some – very tiny – mass. Specifically, it was found that neutrinos, which come in three varieties or “flavors,” can spontaneously change their flavor in a process known as oscillation. And because of the nature of quantum mechanics, oscillation only occurs if the flavors have unique masses.

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2015/06/24/neutrino-oscillation/#.VYtA-fl_NBc

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